hub sciencedirect scopus applications register login login go to scival suite username: password: remember me | not registered? Forgotten your username or password? Go to athens / institution login remote access activation home publications search my settings my alerts shopping cart help export citation purchase more options... Email article signed up for journal alerts [remove] alert me about new articles in this journal your selection(s) could not be saved due to an internal error. generic viagra without prescription Please try again. can you use viagra high blood pressure Search     all fields     author advanced search     journal/book title     volume   issue   page search tips article outline is loading... dosage viagra do need Javascript required for article outline european urology volume 42, issue 2, august 2002, pages 181–187 long-term results of ileum interposition for ureteral obstruction frank j. H verduyckt, john p. F. A heesakkers , , frans m. J debruyne department of urology, university medical center st. Radboud, p. O. viagra canada Box 9101, 6500 hb nijmegen, the netherlands accepted 7 june 2002 available online 26 june 2002 how to cite or link using doi permissions & reprints view full text purchase $31. 50 1. Introduction 2. Patients and methods 3. Results 4. Discussion 5. before and after pictures of viagra use Conclusion references abstract objective: to present the long-term results of ileum interposition in the ureter for uni- or bilateral ureteral obstruction. Patients and methods: between 1981 and 2000, a total of 22 patients received an ileal segment interposition as a substitution for the ureter, of whom 18 were available for analysis. The mean age was 54 years (range 29–73). Patients were followed for a mean period of 65 months (range 2–196). Assessment included clinical examination, serum creatinine levels, renal ultrasonography, intravenous pyelography and isotopic renography. In eight patients, the ileal-ureteral substitution was the first reconstructive procedure. The other patients underwent up to four previous reconstructions of different types. Fourteen patients were treated for unilateral ureteral obstruction, four of whom had a functional or anatomical solitary kidney, the other four patients had bilateral obstruction. generic viagra Results: in 16 patients renal function improved after ileal-ureteral substitution. before and after pictures of viagra use One patient underwent a nephrectomy because of a decreased renal function due to an obstruction at the level of the uretero-ileal anastomosis. One patient had a nephrectomy because of recurrent macroscopic hematuria caused by multiple arterio-venous malformations. Overall, 15 patients (83%) had a good functioning kidney after a mean period of 65 months. viagra cost In three patients an early reinte. viagra for sale in ireland buy viagra online OPORTUNIDADES DE INVERSIÓN EN CASTELLÓN 2011

 

 

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